Roses Made Easy
The most complex but the most productive part of rose
care is pruning roses
Hardly any other area of garden practice causes as much uncertainty as
Responsible for this are the various types of roses and the personal
philosophies of rose mavens.
Don't worry, as always I will explain this important part of rose care in
an easy and understandable way.
Pruning roses is a widely discussed topic, but few have the heart to
approach the subject in the right way.
Many sources discourage from pruning and
recommend a natural growing for roses.
The plants will grow, but with fewer blooms, imperfect leaves and beside we
will get poorly shaped plants standing with naked feet in our gardens. Unfortunately, the
plants will be vulnerable to diseases and pests too.
I could continue with more arguments, but to put it in a nutshell...
- Only the annual
performed pruning will bring floweriness,
health and longevity to your flowers
- Damaged, dead and
diseased wood must be removed from
General Pruning Guidelines
Always use clean and sharp rose
pruners, shears and other tools on your roses
Some pruning procedures apply to all roses similarly. They are easy to understand
and easy to follow.
canes with frost damages, injuries and those with diseases or where
overwintering forms of pests are located to the healthy wood (e.g. black eggs
of the aphids)
shoots or unnecessary side shoots that can’t hold the florescence in summer
should be pruned back to their base (Branches smaller than pencil in diameter)
crossing branches. The weaker is cut out in favor of the stronger. They could
scar their neighboring canes and cause damages where pathogens can enter the
Rule of thumb
pruning = strong new growth; Weak pruning = weak new growth
Why Should I Know The Age Of
The goal of rose pruning is to remove aging wood and thereby consistently
stimulate the plant to form new shoots, but it is also beneficial to
keep shoots with a different age.
How to identify the
age of the canes…
color of the bark: Young
shoots will be light-green to light-red colored; a one-year-old shoot will be dark-green to
light-brown and the bark of older shoots will be gray to dark-brown, usually
development of bud eyes:
With up to three years old canes, it is easy to recognize the bud eyes. But for
3-7 years old canes, the visibility of the bud eyes disappears and they
degenerate. For the pruning, you may search for a “Sleeping Bud Eye,” usually a
tiny dark spot. The leaf scar position will be more visible in a horizontal
color of the cane’s core:
With young, one-year-old shoots the core will be white, soft and spongy,
covered by a thin bark. As the shoots age, the core will be smaller and his
color will be brownish. With older canes, you usually can find a thin, dark-brown
For pruning, it is essential
to know the age of the canes, to balance the growth of the plant. Older roses
will need a rejuvenation pruning to stimulate their vitality.
This task varies
depending on the rose and I will explain how to do it when we come to the
pruning of rose types in detail.
Pruning Different Types Of
The general pruning guidelines and
knowledge above apply to all roses and if you just cut out diseased, dead and
damaged wood, the first important step to get healthy and vigorous blooming
roses is already done.
To make the topic of pruning roses
more exciting, we are blessed with several types of roses, which need different
It sounds complicated, but if you stick to the easy guides I
provide, it will be fun to watch how brilliant your roses will do in the
Pruning Roses - Types Of Roses
Pruning Roses - The Guides
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