Grafting roses or budding roses is a nurseryman’s technique. Most roses bought from garden centers or online have been propagated by this method
I always love to propagate roses this way. It is not easy for the first time and maybe you will not get any results, but if you do it right, it is the fastest way to get new roses.
Grafting on first place means to join the bud or stem of one rose onto the roots of another. That leads us to the questions, which rootstock to use and from where to get the rootstocks.
Most modern roses are usually budded on to the roots of wild roses with the advantage that the new plant has ready-made roots for a quick development. Not every rootstock can be used for budding to get good results
Rootstocks used for grafting roses include:
As professional rose growers always experiment with new rose rootstocks to get the perfect rose, you may find more rootstock varieties in different regions.
I could not find any suppliers to sell rootstocks for the public, that’s why I always ask my local rose grower for some understocks when I am ready to experiment with budding roses. Or you grow them from seed, which is definitively the longer and harder way.
Ready for budding rose? Here we go.
Buy rootstocks in late fall (end of October or November) and plant them in the same way you would plant a bareroot rose.
The right time for budding rootstocks is the following mid-summer, while the plants are still growing. Choose a cool day to minimize the risk of the propagating material drying out.
That’s it for a while. If everything was perfect and the union is a success, we will see new growth from the bud the following spring.
Remove the ties when the bud begins to grow, and then cut off the growth of the rootstock above the new bud.
As this procedure needs practical skills and patience, it is not suitable for everybody. Maybe taking cuttings will be an easier way for the amateur gardeners to propagate roses.